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Strabismus

Generality/Definition
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    The condition where the eyes are misaligned is called strabismus. Different types of this condition exist. The most common among children is esotropia (inward deviation of one or both eyes). The less common type is called exotropia (outward deviation of one or both eyes). The rarest is a vertical misalignment wherein the one of the eyes is deviated upward (hypertropia) or downward (hypotropia). The deviation may be present intermittently or constantly. Treatment options depend upon the type of deviation and may include glasses, prism, and or surgery.
    Source: Provisu look Childhood Strabismus (roqueeyeclinic.com)

Diagnosis

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    While a deviating eye (strabismus) may be easily spotted by the layman, amblyopia without strabismus or associated with a small deviation usually can be not noticed by either you or your pediatrician. Only an eye doctor comfortable in examining young children and infants can detect this type of amblyopia. This is why early infant and pre-school eye examinations are so necessary. The most important diagnostic tools are the special visual acuity tests other than the standard 20/20 letter charts currently used by schools, pediatricians and eye doctors. Examination with cycloplegic drops can be necessary to detect this condition in the young.
    Source: Provisu look Amblyopia (strabismus.org)

Treatment

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    There are two methods to alter extraocular muscles. Traditional surgery can be used to strengthen, weaken, or reposition an extraocular muscle. The surgeon first makes an incision in the conjunctiva (the clear membrane covering the sclera), then puts a suture into the muscle to prevent it from getting lost and loosens the muscle from the eyeball with a surgical hook. During a resection, the muscle is detached from the sclera, a piece of muscle is removed so the muscle is now shorter, and the muscle is reattached to the same place. This strengths the muscle. In a recession, the muscle is made weaker by repositioning it. More than one extraocular eye muscle might be operated on at the same time.
    Source: Provisu look Childhood Strabismus (roqueeyeclinic.com)

Scientific articles: All recent articles for "Strabismus"

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Last modified: Jan 2014
Creation: Jan 2006