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Wounds and Injuries

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    When an accident involves the eye, you should get medical help immediately if there is pain or any question of eye or vision damage. Prompt, proper treatment of eye injuries can save vision. The most effective treatment for eye injuries is prevention.
    Source: Provisu look First Aid for eye injury (



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    Prevention is the first and most important step in avoiding eye injuries. In the house - Everyday products can sometimes cause burns when they touch the eyes. Make sure that all spray nozzles are directed away from you before you pull the handle. Read instructions carefully before using cleaning fluids, detergents, ammonia or harsh chemicals. Wash your hands thoroughly after use. Use grease shields on frying pans to protect from spattering. Wear safety goggles to shield your eyes from fumes and splashes when using powerful chemicals. Use opaque goggles to avoid burns from sunlamps. In the Workshop - Many objects can fly into your eyes unexpectedly and cause injury. Think about the work you will be doing, and protect your eyes from flying fragments, fumes, dust particles, sparks and splashing chemicals before you begin work. Read instructions thoroughly before using tools and chemicals and follow precautions for their use. Protect yourself by wearing safety glasses. Around children - Toys and games can be dangerous when used incorrectly. Pay attention to your child's age and responsibility level when you buy toys and games. Avoid projectile toys such as darts, pellet guns, etc., which can hit the eye from a distance. Supervise children when they are playing with toys or games that can be dangerous. Teach children the correct way to handle items such as scissors and pencils. BB and pellet guns should be considered as dangerous as regular firearms. In the garden - Garden tools and chemicals are the cause of many outdoor eye injuries. Keep everyone away when you use a lawnmower. Don't let anyone stand on the side or in front when you mow the lawn. Pick up rocks and stones before going over them with your lawnmower. Stones can shoot out of the rotary blades, rebound off the curbs or walls and cause severe eye injuries. Wear safety glasses while mowing. Avoid low hanging branches. Make sure that pesticide spray-can nozzles are directed away from your face. Wear safety glasses while using powered weed trimmers. They nylon cord can break loose and hit the eye. Keep all safety guards in place and keep others at a safe distance.
    Source: Provisu look Eye Injury Prevention (


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    Orbital foreign body injury : symptoms depend on where the foreign body is embedded, but include tearing, pain, double vision, light sensitivity or feeling of something in eye.
    Corneal injuries or abrasions : symptoms of corneal abrasion include feeling that something is in the eye, tearing, blurred vision, eye pain when exposed to bright light, and spasm of muscles around the eye area.
    Radiation injuries : symptoms include pain, light sensitivity, redness and a feeling that something is in the eye. Solar retinopathy occurs after looking into the sun for an extended period. The primary symptom is decreased vision.
    Chemical burns: the most common symptoms of chemical burns are pain and burning. The eye may also become red, or the eyelids swollen.
    Source: Provisu look Eye Injuries (


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    First Aid for Eye Injuries Correct treatment for an eye injury immediately following an accident can prevent loss of sight. Specks in the eye - Do not rub your eye. Lift the upper lid over the lower lid allowing the lower lashes to brush the speck off the inside of the upper lid. Blink a few times and let the eye move the particle out. If the speck remains, keep your eye closed and seek medical help. Cuts of the eye and lid - Seek medical help immediately. Do not attempt to wash out the eye or remove an object stuck in the eye. Never apply pressure to the injured eye or eyelid. Be careful not to rub the eye. Blows to the eye - Immediately apply an ice compress to the eye to reduce pain and swelling. A black eye or blurred vision can be a sign of damage inside the eye. See your ophthalmologist immediately. Chemical burns - Flood the eye with water immediately, using your fingers to keep the eye open as wide as possible. Hold your head under a faucet or shower, or pour water gently into the eye from a container for at least fifteen minutes. Roll the eyeball as much as possible to wash out the eye. Do not use an eye cup, or bandage the eye. Seek medical help immediately.
    Source: Provisu look First Aid for eye injury (

Information for specialists

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    Complications of blunt trauma include orbital blow-out fracture, orbital and lid contusions, iris injury, ruptured globe, traumatic iritis, subconjunctival hemorrhage, hyphema--blood in the anterior chamber, retinal hemorrhage, vitreous hemorrhage, choroidal rupture, retinal tears, and retinal detachment. Traumatic opitic neuropathy that results in injury to the optic nerve may also occur as a result of closed head trauma. Signs of an orbital fracture include swelling, bruising, pain, especially with movement of the eyes, double vision that disappears when one eye is covered, and eyelid swelling after blowing the nose. Symptoms of iritis include deep aching pain, excessive tearing and light sensitivity. Optic nerve injury usually causes instantaneous visual loss. Symptoms of retinal detachment include a sudden or gradual increase in either the number of floaters, which are little "cobwebs" or specks that float about in your field of vision, and/or light flashes in the eye. Another symptom is the appearance of a curtain over the field of vision.
    Source: Provisu look Eye Injuries (

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Last modified: Jan 2014
Creation: Feb 2006