Children's vision

 

Children's vision

Vision development in the child

 

kid
 

 

The age groups described below are those equivalent to a baby delivered at full term, and have to be adjusted in case of premature birth.

At birth:

A newborn's vision is blurred, with visibility only in black and white.

Visual acuity is feeble.

The pupillary reflex is already developed with proper sensitivity to strong light.

 

From 0 to 3 months:

The newborn can stare at an object and follow it.

Between the 10th and 16th weeks, binocular vision (in other words, the use of two eyes in a coordinated manner) appears. It is habitual that during the first 2 months, the baby will have an irregular squint and the eyes will be diverted.

At about 2 months, the baby recognizes his parents' faces and makes out details and this is when the baby starts to get interested in his environment.  

 

From 4 to 6 months:

He can see all the colours by now.

At about 5 months, he starts to develop his 3D vision.

He distinguishes shades and is able to carefully examine an object in his hands.

At around 6 months, he starts to perceive distances.

 

From 7 to 12 months :

Perception in 3D continues to develop.

Around 8 months, his eyes almost have their definitive colour.

At about 12 months, the child uses his ever-improving vision to cruise and walk around objects.

 

From 18 months to 6 years :

Around 18 months, the child learns to coordinate visual and motor information.

At about 2 years, he recognises himself in a mirror.

At 5 years, he has almost reached his full visual capacity and acuity. 

 

Signs to observe

A visual backwardness can have major consequences on child's development, and it is necessary to observe the child and detect it quickly, in order to treat it as soon as possible.

See a health professional if you think that your newborn or your child has one or several of the following signs:

  • Whitish spots on the pupil.
  • He doesn't follow moving objects with his eyes.
  • He blinks often.
  • Even after 6 months, he is still squinting.
  • He often bangs into things.
  • He regularly complains about headaches.
  • His eyes water profusely.

 

Translated from : Naître et grandir

 

 

Eye examination

eye exam

 

Screening tests following recommendations of the French ANAES (Agence Nationale d'Accréditation et d'Evaluation en Santé) regarding the screening of eye disorders among children under 6 years old are as follows:

At the 8th day:

  • Questioning of parents in order to spot potential risk factors.
  • External examination of the eye (eyelid, symmetry of ocular globes, light reflection)
  • Investigation of visual reaction usually present at birth.

 

At the 4th month:

  • General exam

 

At the 9th month:

  • Questioning of parents in order to spot potential risk factors.
  • External examination of the eye (eyelid, symmetry of ocular globes, light reflection)
  • Investigation of first visual reactions
  • Investigation to find a potential amblyopia
  • Screening for strabismus
  • Lang test (to test relief vision)

 

At the vocal age :

  • External examination of the eye (eyelid, symmetry of ocular globes, light reflection)
  • Measurement of visual acuity (scales of letters or numbers)
  • Lang test
  • Annual school visits
  • Regular visits with the ophthalmologist. 

 

 

Eye diseases among children

 

disease kids

Some eye disorders can be frequent among children and need quick attention, so that there will not be any effect to the child’s overall development. Some of these disorders include:

 

Some eye diseases can be present from the childhood and need to be detected :

  

 

 

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